The Various Stages of Gum Disease

Dental and Oral Health

a girl at the dentistGum disease has three stages ranging from minor to severe infections, which include gingivitis, mild and advanced periodontitis. This condition has several symptoms that include but not limited to swelling, redness, tenderness, bad breath, loose teeth, visible pus and bleeding gums. Periodontal disease can also be manifested through gums that recede from teeth.

Below are the three phases of gum disease.


This is the earliest and most common form of periodontal infection. Plaque buildup on the gum line causes it. During this stage, you can experience persistent bad breath and bleeding when brushing. Since the bones are not affected, gingivitis can be reversed through adequate oral hygiene and dental treatments by competent specialists offering family dentistry in Indianapolis. However, if left untreated, the disease can progress to another and more severe stage.

Mild Periodontitis

At this stage, tartar builds up around the roots of your teeth and causes your gums to bleed, become red and inflamed easily. The gums may also begin to pull away from your teeth and thus create some pockets. Bacteria even start harming the bone around the roots of your teeth, leading to irreversible damage. However, effective dental treatment can help to prevent further damage.

Advanced Periodontitis

This is the last stage of periodontal disease, and it occurs when treatment is not sought during the first two stages. At this phase, the pulled gum causes bigger pockets at the base of the teeth, where food particles and plaque are trapped. The supporting bone is also extremely weakened, which causes your teeth to become very loose. Complicated restoration procedures might be required to preserve some moderately damaged teeth, while those that are hugely affected can be replaced with dental implants.

Gum disease is a common and severe oral condition that needs to be addressed at an early stage. The disease is perceived as mild, moderate or severe depending on its progression. It is imperative that you have this condition treated at the earlier stages because the acute phase can cause irreversible damages.

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